Weather Observed

Description

An observation of weather conditions at a certain place and time. This data model has been developed in cooperation with mobile operators and the GSMA.

Data Model

A JSON Schema corresponding to this data model can be found here.

  • id : Unique identifier.

  • type : Entity type. It must be equal to WeatherObserved.

  • dateModified : Last update timestamp of this entity.

  • dateCreated : Entity's creation timestamp.

  • name : Name given to the weather observed location.

  • location : Location of the weather observation represented by a GeoJSON geometry.

  • address : Civic address of the weather observation. Sometimes it corresponds to a weather station address.

  • dateObserved : The date and time of this observation in ISO8601 UTCformat. It can be represented by an specific time instant or by an ISO8601 interval.

    • Attribute type: DateTime or an ISO8601 interval represented as Text.
    • Mandatory
  • source : A sequence of characters giving the source of the entity data.

    • Attribute type: Text or URL
    • Optional
  • refDevice : A reference to the device(s) which captured this observation.

    • Attribute type: Reference to an entity of type Device
    • Optional
  • refPointOfInterest : A reference to a point of interest (usually a weather station) associated to this observation.

    • Attribute type: Reference to an entity of type PointOfInterest
    • Optional
  • weatherType : The observed weather type. It is represented by a comma separated list of weather statuses, for instance overcast, lightRain. A proposed mapping for Spanish terms can be found here.

    • Attribute type: Text
    • Allowed values: A combination of (clearNight,sunnyDay, slightlyCloudy, partlyCloudy, mist, fog, highClouds, cloudy, veryCloudy, overcast, lightRainShower, drizzle, lightRain, heavyRainShower, heavyRain, sleetShower, sleet, hailShower, hail, shower, lightSnow, snow, heavySnowShower, heavySnow, thunderShower, thunder) or any other extended value.
    • Optional
  • dewPoint : The dew point encoded as a number.

  • visibility : Visibility reported.

    • Attribute type: Text
    • Allowed values: One of (veryPoor, poor, moderate, good, veryGood, excellent)
    • Optional
  • temperature : Air's temperature observed.

    • Attribute type: Number
    • Default unit: Degrees centigrades.
    • Attribute metadata:
      • timestamp : optional timestamp for the observed value. It can be ommitted if the observation time is the same as the one captured by the dateObserved attribute at entity level.
    • Optional
  • relativeHumidity : Air's relative humidity observed (percentage, expressed in parts per one).

    • Attribute type: Number
    • Allowed values: A number between 0 and 1.
    • Attribute metadata:
      • timestamp : optional timestamp for the observed value. It can be ommitted if the observation time is the same as the one captured by the dateObserved attribute at entity level.
    • Optional
  • precipitation : Precipitation level observed.

    • Attribute type: Number
    • Default unit: Liters per square meter.
    • Attribute metadata:
      • timestamp : optional timestamp for the observed value. It can be ommitted if the observation time is the same as the one captured by the dateObserved attribute at entity level.
    • Optional
  • windDirection : The wind direction expressed in decimal degrees compared to geographic North (measured clockwise), encoded as a Number.

    • Attribute type: Number
    • Default unit: Decimal degrees
    • Attribute metadata:
      • timestamp : optional timestamp for the observed value. It can be ommitted if the observation time is the same as the one captured by the dateObserved attribute at entity level.
    • Optional
  • windSpeed : The observed wind speed in m/s, encoded as a Number.

    • Attribute type: Number
    • Default unit: meters per second
    • Attribute metadata:
      • timestamp : optional timestamp for the observed value. It can be ommitted if the observation time is the same as the one captured by the dateObserved attribute at entity level.
    • Optional
  • barometricPressure : The barometric pressure observed measured in Hecto Pascals.

    • Attribute type: Number
    • Default unit: Hecto Pascals
    • Attribute metadata:
      • timestamp : optional timestamp for the observed value. It can be ommitted if the observation time is the same as the one captured by the dateObserved attribute at entity level.
    • Optional
  • pressureTendency : Is the pressure rising or falling? It can be expressed in quantitative terms or qualitative terms.

    • Attribute type: Text or Number
    • Allowed values, if expressed in quantitative terms: one Of (raising, falling, steady)
    • Optional
  • solarRadiation : The solar radiation observed measured in Watts per square meter.

    • Attribute type: Number
    • Default unit: Watts per square meter
    • Attribute metadata:
      • timestamp : optional timestamp for the observed value. It can be ommitted if the observation time is the same as the one captured by the dateObserved attribute at entity level.
    • Optional

Examples of use

{
            "id": "Spain-WeatherObserved-2422-2016-11-30T08:00:00",
            "type": "WeatherObserved",
            "address":
            {
                "addressLocality": "Valladolid",
                "addressCountry": "ES"
            },
            "atmosfericPressure": 938.9,
            "dataProvider": "TEF",
            "dateObserved": "2016-11-30T07:00:00.00Z",
            "location":
            {
                "type": "Point",
                "coordinates":
                [
                    -4.754444444,
                    41.640833333
                ]
            },
            "precipitation": 0,
            "pressureTendency": 0.5,
            "relativeHumidity": 1,
            "source": "http://www.aemet.es",
            "stationCode": "2422",
            "stationName": "Valladolid",
            "temperature": 3.3,
            "windDirection": -45,
            "windSpeed": 2
}

Use it with a real service

To get access to a public instance offering weather observed data please have a look at the GSMA's API Directory.

The instance described here has been set up by the FIWARE Community.

What was the weather observed today at 07:00 UTC in Valladolid (Spain)?

curl -H 'fiware-service:weather' -H 'fiware-servicepath:/Spain' -H 'x-auth-token:<my_token>' "http://130.206.118.244:1027/v2/entities?type=WeatherObserved &q=dateObserved:2016-11-30T07:00;address.addressLocality:Valladolid&options=keyValues"

Open Issues